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Thein Sein, on the first-ever visit to Brussels by a Burmese president, received new pledges Tuesday of EU economic assistance coupled with calls to protect his country’s ethnic minorities.
The Burmese leader, setting out on the fourth leg of an historic 10-day tour of Europe, met successively with European Commission chief Jose Manuel Barroso, EU president Herman Van Rompuy, and foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton.
“You have in the European Union a committed and long-term partner for the historic journey that Myanmar (Burma) and its people have started,” Van Rompuy told Thein Sein, who was warmly welcomed all round for his ground-breaking reforms in the once pariah state.
Since the former premier took over the presidency in March 2011, thousands of political prisoners have been released and elections held, including the election to parliament of long-detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
“The EU and Myanmar are turning a page in their relationship,” said Barroso. “More dialogue, more and better aid, more trade and investment.”
While EU development aid has more than doubled to around 150 million euros for 2012-2013, Brussels said it was now ready to explore the feasibility of a bilateral investment agreement.
Ashton, flanked by commissioner for industry Antonio Tajani, will visit Burma later this year to look at further economic support.
The EU has also offered to reinstate a preferential tariffs deal with Rangoon.
Thein Sein however called on the EU to once and for all lift sanctions against Burma, saying “we are one of the poorest countries in the world.”
Though Burma had enacted a new foreign investment law to attract capital to exploit its vast mineral resources “it is still a great hindrance that sanctions exist,” Thein Sein said after meeting European Parliament president Martin Schulz.
The EU in April rewarded Burma’s historic changes by suspending for one year a wide range of trade, economic and individual sanctions while warning it would “monitor closely the situation on the ground, keep its measures under constant review.”
And Brussels on Tuesday made clear it was monitoring minority rights, notably the ongoing conflict in the northern Kachin state, and communal Buddhist-Muslim unrest in the Arakan state, where the bloc has provided some 5.5 million euros to help the internally displaced from both communities.
“Important challenges remain. In particular, on the need for a comprehensive peace settlement in ethnic areas,” Van Rompuy said.
Speaking through an interpreter, Thein Sein said his government had been able “to reduce a culture of fear” and vowed to continue to work to strengthen democracy. “You have my promise we will continue on this path,” he stated.
He also said his government had worked to end armed conflicts that had lasted more than 60 years by engaging with 11 armed groups fighting in the field when it took office.
“We cannot say we have a lasting peace because we have a ceasefire, we have to continue the dialogue,” he said.
But groups such as Human Rights Watch urged leaders in Brussels to press the head of state to honour pledges on rights, including a promise to allow the UN Commissioner for Human Rights to set up an office in Burma.
There was deadly sectarian violence against ethnic Rohingya Muslims and rights abuses by security forces in ethnic conflict areas, particularly in Kachin state since the resumption of fighting in 2011 against separatists.
The Rohingya minority, numbering about 800,000, has been described by the United Nations as one of the most persecuted minorities on the planet, with thousands seeking refuge in neighbouring countries as boat people.
“Any realistic analysis of the current situation on the ground in Burma would conclude much more needs to be done to entrench reforms,” said the group’s EU director Lotte Leicht.
Thein Sein, who has already visited Norway, Finland and Austria, will end his 10-day trip in Italy.